Transition from passive to active vocabulary in the context of teaching by communicative methods

  • ავტორი : "Bagashvili Zurab"
  • საკითხი : "Second language education; vocabulary of the language; Callan Method."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 1-6
  • აბსტრაქტი : In the learning process of any foreign language the most important factor is to learn the vocabulary of the language. Learners first form the passive knowledge of the lexis and after this they put it into practice through communicative speech functions. I
  • გადმოწერა : Bagashvili.pdf


The problems and Challenges of Mother Tongue Education in Abkhazia

  • ავტორი : "Tabatadze Shalva"
  • საკითხი : ""
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
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  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 135-
  • აბსტრაქტი :
  • გადმოწერა :


The Types of the Qualifying Words in Pairs in Georgian and Their Teaching to Non-Georgians

  • ავტორი : "Bagration-Davitashvili Nino"
  • საკითხი : "Qualifying word, modifying word, preposition, blocked, consonant-stem words, wovel-stem words."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 7-12
  • აბსტრაქტი : Numerous complexities come across when studying Georgian and their explanation and presentation should be given differently for Non-Georgian speakers to be easily understandable and perceptible. The aim of this work is to present easily the models of the
  • გადმოწერა :


Learning a Second Language / the grammatical difficulties of teaching

  • ავტორი : "Bepievi Naira"
  • საკითხი : "Second language, Georgian language, Ossetian language"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 13-18
  • აბსტრაქტი : The Georgian language belongs to the group of Iberian-Caucasian languages whereas Ossetian is a member of the family of the Indo-European languages. There are different methods and approaches to the teaching/learning of the second language. Recently les
  • გადმოწერა : Bepievi.pdf


Methods and Strategies for Studying Georgian as a Foreign Language by the First Europeans

  • ავტორი : "Chkuaseli Ana"
  • საკითხი : "missionaries, vocabulary, grammar, study"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 19-26
  • აბსტრაქტი : The tradition of Georgian as a foreign language study has rather deep historical roots; it begins from the 17th century and is connected to the activities of the European missionaries in Georgia. Almost two-centuries of practice of the Georgian language s
  • გადმოწერა : Chkuaseli.pdf


Linguistic and Communicative Competence: Coping with the Typical Errors of Georgian Learners of English

  • ავტორი : "Demetradze Irina"
  • საკითხი : "Typical errors, language patterns, transfer, interference, communicative competence, speech etiquette, norms of politeness, speech acts, face-threatening acts."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 27-32
  • აბსტრაქტი : This paper attempts to provide certain advice for Georgian teachers of English who aim to develop both the linguistic and communicative competences of their students. Hence, the paper focuses on the challenges related to the development of linguistic comp
  • გადმოწერა : Demetradze.pdf


The issue of “false friends” in terms of learning a foreign language (Using the example of Georgian and English languages)

  • ავტორი : "Gochitashvili Ketevan, Shabashvili Giuli"
  • საკითხი : "Phonrtics, false friends, SLE, vocanulary."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 33-41
  • აბსტრაქტი : As is generally known, “false friends” are words, which coincide formally or phonetically in the learner’s native and target languages, but carry different (or partially different) meanings. Generally, the “false friends” phenomenon is studied in the cont
  • გადმოწერა : Gochitashvili.pdf


The 20 Years of a Systematic Approach to State Language Learning in Estonia: The Journey of the Language Immersion Program

  • ავტორი : "Golubeva Anna"
  • საკითხი : "Systematic Approach to State Language Learning in Estonia: Language Immersion Program, CLIL methodology and experience."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 42-46
  • აბსტრაქტი : The state language of the Republic of Estonia is the Estonian language, with all the official procedures, documentation and paperwork conducted in the state language. At the state level there are requirements to the state language proficiency for employme
  • გადმოწერა : Golubeva.pdf


Intonation and Word Stress in Georgian EFL Learners’ Utterances: does Praat Training Help?

  • ავტორი : "Hirschi Kevin"
  • საკითხი : "Phonology, Pronunciation, Praat, Georgian, Prosody."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 47-60
  • აბსტრაქტი : For EFL speakers, prosodic features such as intonation and word stress contribute greatly to the comprehensibility of an utterance (Derwing & Rossiter, 2003; Zielinski, 2008). Yet, many of the problems learners face in being understood may be due to L1 -
  • გადმოწერა : Hirschi.pdf


Multilingualism in Germany and the Role of Submersion and Immersion Programmes

  • ავტორი : "Hutz Mathias"
  • საკითხი : "Multilingualism, immigration, SLE, submersion, immersion"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 61-68
  • აბსტრაქტი : As a result of recent immigration, Germany has become a multilingual country with a great need for multilingual education. In the first part of the article the roles of minority and immigrant languages in Germany are discussed. Some demographic changes ar
  • გადმოწერა : Hutz.pdf


Integration of the Georgian Language and Mathematics in the Bilingual Teaching System

  • ავტორი : "Khvedelidze Mzia, Jinjikhadze Levan & Jinjikhadze Jemal"
  • საკითხი : "multilingualism, bilingualism; teaching; Georgian language; mathematics; integration."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 69-78
  • აბსტრაქტი : Finding interdisciplinary links between language and mathematics attracts particular interest. Such interest is caused by the fact that the language is the basis of any perception process as the consciousness exists only within the language scopes and in
  • გადმოწერა : Khvedelidze.pdf


The importance of stress and intonation in the process of learning Georgian as a second language

  • ავტორი : "Kikvadze Maia"
  • საკითხი : "Listening, strategy, stress, intonation, dialogue."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 79-83
  • აბსტრაქტი : Listening as a skill plays a great role at the first stage of language learning. Listening helps understanding and enables language learners to perceive information, express their ideas, etc. Listening means “cooperation between the teacher and the list
  • გადმოწერა : Kikvadze Maia.pdf


The Language Situation, Sociolinguistic Profile Formulae and Bi- and Trilingual Ballot Papers

  • ავტორი : "Kikvidze Zaal"
  • საკითხი : "Bilingualism, language situation, Georgia"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 84-86
  • აბსტრაქტი : In order to describe a language situation it is necessary to choose an adequate model which is a very complicated task owing to the fact that every language situation is unique in itself. During the 1960s, there were efforts made to discover general patte
  • გადმოწერა : Kikvidze Zaal.pdf


Trilingualism in Kazakhstan

  • ავტორი : "Kuzembayeva Gulzhana, Karimsakova Anara, Kupenova Aigul"
  • საკითხი : "Multilingual education, trilingualism, trinity of languages, state policy."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 87-90
  • აბსტრაქტი : The State policy of the three of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan suggests speaking three languages: Kazakh as a state language, Russian as a language of international communication and English as a language of successful integration into global ec
  • გადმოწერა : Kuzembayeva.pdf


The main issues connected to teaching the Abkhazian and Ossetian languages between the 20s and 50s of the XX century

  • ავტორი : "Popiashvili Nino"
  • საკითხი : "Abkhazian language, Ossetian language, bilingual education, Soviet Union, Nikolas Marr theory"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 91-101
  • აბსტრაქტი : The development of the Abkhazian and Ossetian languages between the 20s and 50s of the 20th century is of vital importance from linguistic, political, ideological, and didactic points of view. Noteworthy is the fact that in this period, the Abkhaz and Oss
  • გადმოწერა : Popiashvili.pdf


  • ავტორი : "Protassova Ekaterina"
  • საკითხი : "Bilingualism, family language policy, multilingual education."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 102-111
  • აბსტრაქტი : In the post-Soviet realm, people confront bilingualism and diversity, combining their old views upon the ranking of different languages and statuses of certain ethnic societies with their newly adopted democratic post-socialist understanding of multicultu
  • გადმოწერა : Protassova.pdf


Multilanguage Strategies in Tertiary Education (Using the example of Georgia)

  • ავტორი : "Rusieshvili Manana, Gabunia Kakha and Petriashvili Izabella"
  • საკითხი : "Language teaching, Multilingual strategies, integration of ethnic minorities into society."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 112-115
  • აბსტრაქტი : This paper discusses the issues of multilingual education in Georgia using the example of teaching Georgian as a state language and English as a foreign language o the representatives of ethnic minorities of Azerbeijani and Armenian origin. The data are b
  • გადმოწერა : Rusieshvili.pdf


Teaching Verb Person Relation to Non-Georgian Speakers

  • ავტორი : "Saginadze Rusudan"
  • საკითხი : "Communication, method, phrases, person, combination"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 116-120
  • აბსტრაქტი : At the initial stage of language learning, when all the attention is focused on the use of phrases for communication, a particular approach is needed in order to solve one problem: what dosage of theoretical material of grammar is recommended for learners
  • გადმოწერა : Saginadze.pdf


The principal methods of teaching the second language and the ways of its practical realization

  • ავტორი : "Sanikidze Inga"
  • საკითხი : "Language teaching, methods, practice."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 121-125
  • აბსტრაქტი : fact a process of integration within a multilingual society remains an actual problem amongst the current challenges of the Georgian state, the strategic aim is avoiding the phenomena of the so called glottophagical character, which means a pressure o
  • გადმოწერა : Sanikidze.pdf


Teaching Georgian as a Second language: Indefinite Pronouns and Modality

  • ავტორი : "Sharahsenidze Nino"
  • საკითხი : "Second language teaching, dictionaries, indefinite pronouns."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 126-128
  • აბსტრაქტი : In the Georgian language indefinite particles form a unified system and are derived from the question words (question pronouns) by adding particles -me and -ġac. All indefinite pronouns reveal the same formants. The indefinite pronouns with both particles
  • გადმოწერა : Sharashenidze.pdf


The Art of Persuasion in a Multicultural world

  • ავტორი : "Shavtvaladze Nana"
  • საკითხი : "Grammar and vocabulary, cultural approach, multiculturalism."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 129-134
  • აბსტრაქტი : Together with grammar and vocabulary, there are many other points that determine Georgian mentality and perception, while teaching Georgian as a foreign language. Language is a representative of the nation and national self-awareness. It is unimaginabl
  • გადმოწერა : Shavtvaladze.pdf


The Place of Values in Plurilingual Education: A University Teachers’ Viewpoint

  • ავტორი : "Targamadzė Vilija, Kriaučiūnienė Roma"
  • საკითხი : "Value attitudes, plurilingual education, university teachers, teaching/ learning process."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 152-168
  • აბსტრაქტი : Contemporary university education is based on the development of students’ competences that is generally being understood as the unity of knowledge, skills and value attitudes. While knowledge and skills can be easily measured and evaluated in the teachi
  • გადმოწერა : Targamadze.pdf


Integrated Learning of the Georgian Language and Civic Education within the “1+4” program

  • ავტორი : "Todua Ana, Chumburidze Rusudan"
  • საკითხი : "Integration of minorities, language learning, integrated teaching of a language and Civic Education"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 169-173
  • აბსტრაქტი : Integration of minorities and civil involvement are some of the most important components of a country's democratic development. The changes made in the education policy of Georgia, that were executed on November 19, 2009 were aimed to strengthen integrat
  • გადმოწერა : Todua.pdf


The Role of Mother Tongue in Second Language Acquisition

  • ავტორი : "Totibadze Sopio"
  • საკითხი : "Sociolinguistics, first language/mother tongue, second language, language learning, sociolinguistic competence."
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 173-179
  • აბსტრაქტი : In the first part of this paper, the author discusses the importance of the first language in the process of learning English as a second language as explored by previous researchers. In the second part, the author describes the results obtained, in two s
  • გადმოწერა : Totibadze.pdf


Towards some issues of teaching Georgian as a state language to the minorities of Georgia (Azerbaijanis and Armenians)

  • ავტორი : "Vashakidze Iamze"
  • საკითხი : "Teaching the state language; Pedagogical observation"
  • ჟურნალის ნომერი : 43
  • DOI :
  • received :
  • revised:
  • accepted :
  • სტატიის გვერდები : 180-186
  • აბსტრაქტი : The main theme of the work is teaching Georgian as a state language to ethnical minorities residing in Georgia. The research is based on the presentation of pedagogical observation, which is developed within the framework of the Georgian Language Educati
  • გადმოწერა : Vashakidze.pdf


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